The Personality of Prophet Jeremiah

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Chapter I. Introduction
The book of Jeremiah is one of the longest and most complex books in the Bible, consisting of a combination of prose and poetry, historical narrative, and prophetic oracles. It is also one of the most autobiographical books of the Old Testament, providing extensive details about the life and ministry of the prophet Jeremiah. The significance of Jeremiah’s message and impact on the people of Israel cannot be overstated, and the book of Jeremiah has played a vital role in shaping the religious and cultural landscape of the Western world.
This paper will explore the life and ministry of Jeremiah, focusing on his role as a man, prophet, and citizen of Israel. Specifically, examining his beginnings and calling, his method and message, his character, his comparison with other biblical leaders, and an evaluation of him as a man of God. To this paper hopes to gain a deeper understanding of Jeremiah’s life and prophetic ministry, and to appreciate the continuing relevance of his message in our own time.
Jeremiah as a man was born in the community of Anathoth, the son of Hilkiah, a priest from Benjamin’s homeland. As a prophet, the Scholars now refer to him as “the weeping prophet” because of the challenges he faced. As a citizen, both Judaism and Christianity revere Jeremiah as a key figure. He is quoted in the New Testament and his words are recited in synagogues as part of the Haftara.

Chapter II. Jeremiah’s Beginnings and Calling
Jeremiah was born into a priestly family in the small village of Anathoth, about three miles northeast of Jerusalem. He grew up in a time of political and religious upheaval, with the southern kingdom of Judah under constant threat from its more powerful neighbors, and with the religious practices of the people often characterized by idolatry and moral corruption. God called Jeremiah to be a prophet when he was still a young man. In a vision, God touched Jeremiah’s mouth and declared that he would be His spokesperson to the nations. Jeremiah initially protested that he was too young and inexperienced to fulfill such a role, but God reassured him and promised to be with him and protect him.
Jeremiah’s Ministry spans the period from Josiah’s reform at the end at the end of Assyrian dominance to Nebuchadnezzar’s two invasions of Judah in 597 and 586, the fall of Jerusalem, and a short time thereafter. Jeremiah inveighs against the nation’s idol worship (11:13; 19:13), pride (13:9), and failure to keep the Sabbath (17:19-27).
(Bruce Waltake with Charles Yu, 2007, 841).

In summary, Jeremiah was called by God to be a prophet when he was still young and inexperienced. He was to call the people of Judah to repentance and warn them of the impending judgment that would come if they continued in their disobedience. Jeremiah’s message was not well received, as the people were resistant to his calls for repentance and often persecuted him for his unpopular message. Despite facing resistance and persecution, Jeremiah remained faithful to his calling throughout his life.

Chapter III. Jeremiah’s Method: His Message and Activities
Jeremiah’s prophetic ministry is characterized by several key themes and messages. These include his call for repentance and return to God, his warnings of impending judgment and exile, his condemnation of idolatry and false prophets, and his prophecies of a future restoration and renewal of the covenant relationship between God and His people. He denounced their idolatry and moral corruption and urged them to reform their ways before it was too late. He warned of the impending judgment and exile that would come if they continued in their disobedience, but also offered hope for a future restoration and renewal of the covenant relationship between God and His people.
As a prophet, Jeremiah undertook a variety of activities and actions to convey his message to the people of Judah. He preached in the streets and public places, using vivid and dramatic imagery to capture people’s attention and convey the seriousness of his message. He also used symbolic actions, such as wearing a yoke or smashing a clay jar, to illustrate his message and make it more memorable. In addition to preaching and symbolic actions, Jeremiah also wrote down his prophecies and messages, some of which are collected in the Book of Jeremiah in the Bible. He also engaged in personal interactions with individual people, such as confronting false prophets and challenging kings and other leaders to heed his message.

Chapter IV. Jeremiah’s Character
Jeremiah is known for his fervent passion and dedication to delivering God’s message to the people of Judah. Throughout the book of Jeremiah, several key personality traits are revealed that influenced his message and activities as a prophet. Jeremiah was a deeply sensitive and emotional person. He was often overwhelmed by the suffering of his people and the impending judgment of God. He wept and mourned for his people and their sins. His emotional nature made him a compassionate prophet who could relate to the pain and suffering of the people he was trying to reach. Jeremiah was a prophet who remained steadfast in his convictions, even when faced with opposition and persecution. He fearlessly delivered God’s message, even though it often went against the popular opinion of the day. He was not afraid to stand alone and speak truth to power, even when it meant putting his own life at risk.
Jeremiah was a humble and obedient servant of God. He recognized his own weaknesses and limitations and relied on God’s strength to carry out his mission. He was willing to do whatever God asked of him, even when it was difficult or unpopular. He was a prophet who spoke the truth, even when it was hard to hear. He did not sugarcoat God’s message or water it down to make it more palatable. He spoke with honesty and integrity, even when it meant confronting his own people with their sins and calling them to repentance.

Chapter V. Comparison with other Biblical Leaders
We can compare Jeremiah with the prominent figures in the Bible like Moses, David, and Isaiah. They all shared a common goal of serving God and leading His people. In comparing these biblical figures, it is clear that each had their unique strengths and weaknesses. Moses was a faithful and obedient leader who inspired trust in God’s provision. David was a brave and skillful king who sought repentance and forgiveness. Isaiah was a powerful and inspiring prophet who spoke of faith and social justice. Jeremiah was an emotional and passionate prophet who spoke truth to power and called for repentance.
Chapter VI. Evaluation of the Man of God
By evaluating Jeremiah, we can qualify him as lonely prophet. He served as a prophet during a tumultuous period in the history of Israel. He remained courageous and faced the opposition but also most of his time he was crying.
The Lonely prophet rejected by his people for his unpopular message of judgement, lives long enough to see his prophecies fulfilled. He lives in politically turbulent times as Egypt and Babylon contest the region. He repeatedly prophesies Babylon’s victory to become I AM’s scourage. His prophecies that the city and temple are doomed to fall to the Babylonians sound like treason. (Bruce Waltake with Charles Yu, 2007, 841).

VII. Conclusion
Overall, Jeremiah’s life and ministry teach us valuable lessons about the importance of courage, faithfulness, and trust in God. His passionate and emotional style resonates with readers today, and his legacy continues to inspire believers around the world.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Blenkinsopp, Joseph. A History of Prophecy in Israel: From the Settlement in the Land to the Hellenistic Period. Westminster John Knox Press, 1996.
Brueggemann, Walter. A Commentary on Jeremiah: Exile and Homecoming. Eerdmans, 1998.
Craigie, Peter C. Jeremiah 1-25. Word Biblical Commentary, vol. 26. Nelson Reference, 2004.
Goldingay, John. Jeremiah: Volume 1: Chapters 1-20. International Critical Commentary, vol. 22. T&T Clark, 2009.
Huey, F. B., Jr. Jeremiah, Lamentations. New American Commentary, vol. 16. Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1993.
Lalleman, Hetty. Jeremiah in Prophetic Tradition: An Examination of the Book of Jeremiah in the Light of Israel’s Prophetic Traditions. Brill, 1997.
Tremper Longman. An Introduction to the Old Testament: Second Edition. Zondervan Academic, 2009.
Thompson, J. A. The Book of Jeremiah. New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Eerdmans, 1980.
Waltke, B. K. An Old Testament theology: An exegetical, canonical, and thematic approach. Zondervan Academic, 2011.
Walton, John H., Victor H. Matthews, and Mark W. Chavalas. The IVP Bible Background Commentary: Old Testament. InterVarsity Press, 2000.
Zenger, Erich. A God of Vengeance? Understanding the Psalms of Divine Wrath. Westminster John Knox Press, 1996.

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